PEMBERDAYAAN EKONOMI PETANI MELALUI DIVERSIFIKASI USAHA DAN SISTEM PERTANIAN TERINTEGRASI (INTEGRATED FARMING) DI SUKOHARJO DAN KABUPATEN TTS, TTU – NUSA TENGGARA TIMUR.
through the diversification of business related and integrated farming system
(integrated Farming). The concept of diversification in general is different effort
diversification to each other with the hope to be able to eliminate the risk. With the
expected failure to diversify in one business can be closed with the success of other
efforts that are not related, thus the risk of effort can be eliminated. In contrast to
the above concept, for diversification farmers can do with related businesses, where
one business with other businesses can sustain each other. One of the efforts to
diversify the rice farmers are offered with related businesses keep beef cattle. In
addition with the model of the integrated farm model diversification, where farms
and dairy farms in merges can be done in farm areas with the huge land in the
The approach of diversification efforts and integrated farming done in agriculture
with the model groups, with the number of members of the Group effective 20-30
farmers.The group is expected to happen more intensive interaction between
farmers members to cooperate and is responsible for additional business activities
in the form of fattening or breeding cows. Research carried out using limited
discussion approach with the tutor who comes from relevant agencies, with the
individual offender, and direct observation in some areas of the Sukoharjo (related
diversification), and integrated farming system in TTS (South Central Timor) and
the TTU (North Central Timor), East Nusa Tenggara (NTT).
The result of the research, suggests related business diversification model farmers
with diversified business of fattening beef cattle through (1) can help increase the
income of farmers with additional income of around Rp. 1.5-2.0 million
rupiah/month, (2) within the period of 4-5 years after attempts were made to
diversify activities, farmers will become independent by having an average 4 oxtail
pieces that can be sold/rejuvenated at least one tail every month (5) can withstand
the pace instead of productive agricultural land use in areas bordering urban
agriculture.Integrated farming systems for the model is done by most farmers-cattle farmers in
the NTT Group, through its clustering systems for grazing land, can (1) increase
productivity results with the availability of the adequacy of the food supply for
livestock throughout the year, (2) the utilization of livestock waste can be processed
to add value in the form of energy or biogas manure, (3) indirectly can while
maintaining the sustainability of forests and pastures into grazing areas.
In general the results of this research can be used as one of the models supporting
the national program to achieve self-sufficiency in food in Indonesia.
keywords: diversification of agricultural system, integrated, clustering grazing
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